People and Resource
Dynamics in Mountain
Watersheds of the Hindu Kush-Himlayas
Institute of Botany Kunming
Goal and objectives Donors International collaborators Regional collaborators
Why PARDYP and its important PARDYP minimum data sets Common methodology
team in Baoshan workshop China
March 2 - 5, 1999
People and Resource Dynamics Project (PARDYP) is a regional research network
which looks for solutions to natural resource management problems by working
with farmers. PARDYP evolved out of two projects at ICIMOD funded by International Development Research
Centre (IDRC): the
‘Mountain Resource Management Project’, which undertook resource dynamic
studies in Nepal’s Jhikhu Khola watershed from 1989 to 1996, and the
‘Rehabilitation of Degraded Lands in Mountain Ecosystems Project’ from 1992
latter project was undertaken by research institutes in China, India, Nepal, and
Pakistan, and involved the rehabilitation and re-greening of small patches of
degraded and denuded land on valley slopes of the HKH.
Resource Dynamics Project of the Hindu Kush-Himalayas”, is a research for
development project, active in natural resources and watershed management.
PARDYP was launched in response to growing concerns
about the pressure on resources and people in the middle mountains of the HKH –
of special concern were, and still are, the marginalisation of the mountain
farmer, the use and availability of water, issues pertaining to land and
forest degradation and declining soil fertility, the natural carrying capacity
of the resource base, the speed of regeneration, and the ability of the natural
environment to support the growing needs of the increasing populations.
PARDYP has been operating since 1996 in five middle mountain watersheds across the HKH – one watershed in China, one in India, two in Nepal, and one in Pakistan. All five watersheds use common methods for data collection and analysis to allow comparison of natural resource issues, evaluate current management practices and develop future options.
Go to to
To contribute to balanced, sustainable, and equitable development of mountain communities and families in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region
a) To build on and generate knowledge and facilitate the exchange and dissemination of information and skills in the middle mountains of the HKH
b) To enhance the capacities and options of families and communities, especially those that are marginalized, in the use and management of natural resources in mountain watersheds and thereby to increase household and community benefits
c) To stimulate and engage in wide-ranging policy dialogues through the involvement of policy-makers at local and higher levels in the research activities and in the development needs of people in the four project countries
Go to top
Two key institutions have provided considerable advice, support and consultancy service to the PARDYP teams.
Dr. Sandra Brown
of British Columbia, Canada
Mr. Juerg Merz
of Bern, Switzerland
Go to top
Prof. Xu Jianchu
Dr B. P. Kothyari
P. B. Shah
Why PARDYP is important
With its wide thematic focus and broad geographical coverage, PARDYP is a very important element for the implementation of Chapter 13 of the Rio Agenda and for FAO's mountain-related activities.
PARDYP produces much
disciplinary, in depth information on a large number of issues; for example
hydrology, meteorology, soil erosion, soil fertility, conservation,
rehabilitation of degraded land, agronomic systems and initiatives,
horticulture, forestry, and people participation.
The watershed approach being interdisciplinary differs from traditional sectoral approaches as resource issues are becoming more interdependent.
An interdisciplinary approach was under taken to address the following key issues at the watershed level.
- Water balance and sedimentation
- Soil fertility improvement and soil erosion control
- Socio-economic factors in terms of resource management
- Natural resource management
- Capacity building of project partners
- Dissemination of knowledge
- Effective and efficient management
- Linkages of biophysical and socioeconomic charrecteristics
PARDYP minimum data sets
Apart from the huge biophysical and socio-economic data sets PARDYP collaborating institutions are collecting and monitoring the following data sets on Hydrology, Meteorology, water quality, erosion, socio-economic, rehabilitation of degraded land, GIS across the Himalayas region of five watersheds of China, India, Nepal and Pakistan, continuously.
In each watersheds a unique nested approach is applied, quite different to the approaches used in other watersheds management projects. Information is generated for the plot level, for the household/ farm level, for the sub-catchment level, and for the whole watershed. This approach provides information about how results are modified and how driving forces change on different scales.
Through project work in five watersheds in different ecological zones of the Himalayas, and the approach of using common methodologies, PARDYP provides a lot of scope for comparison over rather long distances. A lot of information will be generated about commonalities and differences, about key processes, about driving force, and about general as well as regionally-specific strategies and best practices for the rehabilitation of degraded land and for sustainable use of the resources in the watersheds.
The PARDYP project has developed a monitoring network that is carried out in the same way in 4 different countries. It uses state of the art computerised monitoring equipment and collects vital information on rainfall, stream flow and sediment transport during the monsoon and dry season. All information is collected systematically, using the same methodology, and the information has been standardized so that it is readily comparable across the region.
|Regional level||Watershed level||Plot level|
دردشة حائل شبكة حائل شات حائل دردشات دردشات كتابية دردشة شات