People and Resource Dynamics in Mountain 
Watersheds of the Hindu Kush-Himlayas


Kunming Institute of Botany Kunming
G.B. Pant Institute
Pakistan Forest Institute

Welcome to PARDYP sites in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas (HKH)


Goal and objectives         Donors          International collaborators          Regional collaborators     

 Why PARDYP and its important       PARDYP minimum data sets      Common methodology

China India   Nepal   Pakistan


PARDYP team in Baoshan workshop China

March 2 - 5, 1999


The People and Resource Dynamics Project (PARDYP) is a regional research network which looks for solutions to natural resource management problems by working with farmers. PARDYP evolved out of two projects at ICIMOD funded by International Development Research Centre (IDRC):  the ‘Mountain Resource Management Project’, which undertook resource dynamic studies in Nepal’s Jhikhu Khola watershed from 1989 to 1996, and the ‘Rehabilitation of Degraded Lands in Mountain Ecosystems Project’ from 1992 to 1996. 

The latter project was undertaken by research institutes in China, India, Nepal, and Pakistan, and involved the rehabilitation and re-greening of small patches of degraded and denuded land on valley slopes of the HKH.

 People and Resource Dynamics Project of the Hindu Kush-Himalayas”, is a research for development project, active in natural resources and watershed management. PARDYP was launched in response to growing concerns about the pressure on resources and people in the middle mountains of the HKH – of special concern were, and still are, the marginalisation of the mountain farmer, the use and availability of water, issues pertaining to land and forest degradation and declining soil fertility, the natural carrying capacity of the resource base, the speed of regeneration, and the ability of the natural environment to support the growing needs of the increasing populations.

has been operating since 1996 in five middle mountain watersheds across the HKH – one watershed in China, one in India, two in Nepal, and one in Pakistan. All five watersheds use common methods for data collection and analysis to allow comparison of natural resource issues, evaluate current management practices and develop future options.

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Project Goal

To contribute to balanced, sustainable, and equitable development of mountain communities and families in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region

Project Objectives

a) To build on and generate knowledge and facilitate the exchange and dissemination of information and skills in the middle mountains of the HKH

b) To enhance the capacities and options of families and communities, especially those that are marginalized, in the use and management of natural resources in mountain watersheds and thereby to increase household and community benefits

c) To stimulate and engage in wide-ranging policy dialogues through the involvement of policy-makers at local and higher levels in the research activities and in the development needs of people in the four project countries

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                                                               International Collaborators

Two key institutions have provided considerable advice, support and consultancy service to the PARDYP teams.

Dr. Hans Schreier
Dr. Sandra Brown

University of British Columbia, Canada
Institute for Resources and Environment 

Dr. Rolf Weingartner
Mr. Juerg Merz

University of Bern, Switzerland 
The Hydrology Group in the Institute of Geography


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Regional Collaborators

Prof. Xu Jianchu
Kunming Institute of Botany, Kunming, Yunnan 
Country coordinator

Dr B. P. Kothyari
G.B. Pant Institute
Kosi-Katarmal, Almora
Country coordinator

P. B. Shah
Country coordinator

Hakim Shah
Pakistan Forest Institute, NWFP
Country coordinator

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                                                                 Why PARDYP is important

With its wide thematic focus and broad geographical coverage, PARDYP is a very important element for the implementation of Chapter 13 of the Rio Agenda and for FAO's mountain-related activities.

An interdisciplinary approach was under taken to address the following key issues at the watershed level.

- Water balance and sedimentation

- Soil fertility improvement and soil erosion control

- Socio-economic factors in terms of resource management

- Natural resource management

- Capacity building of project partners

- Dissemination of knowledge

- Effective and efficient management

- Linkages of biophysical and socioeconomic charrecteristics

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                                                             PARDYP minimum data sets

Apart from the huge biophysical and socio-economic data sets PARDYP collaborating institutions are collecting and monitoring the following data sets on Hydrology, Meteorology, water quality, erosion, socio-economic, rehabilitation of degraded land, GIS across the Himalayas region of five watersheds of China, India, Nepal and Pakistan, continuously. 

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Common methodology

In each watersheds a unique nested approach is applied, quite different to the approaches used in other watersheds management projects. Information is generated for the plot level, for the household/ farm level, for the sub-catchment level, and for the whole watershed. This approach provides information about how results are modified and how driving forces change on different scales. 

Through project work in five watersheds in different ecological zones of the Himalayas, and the approach of using common  methodologies, PARDYP provides a lot of scope for comparison over rather long distances. A lot of information will be generated about commonalities and differences, about key processes, about driving force, and about general as well as regionally-specific strategies and best practices for the rehabilitation of degraded land and for sustainable use of the resources in the watersheds.

The PARDYP project has developed a monitoring network that is carried out in the same way in 4 different countries. It uses state of the art computerised monitoring equipment and collects vital information on rainfall, stream flow and sediment transport during the monsoon and dry season.  All information is collected systematically, using the same methodology, and the information has been standardized so that it is readily comparable across the region.                         

Regional level Watershed level Plot level

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